Yesterday we discussed how important exterior trim is to the design of a home. Today we are going to take a look at Windows and how important they are for light, ventilation, and decorative appeal.
Windows can be a daunting subject in that there are so many different types of windows; for example:
- Double Hung windows are where both the top and bottom sash (piece of glass) goes up and down
- With a Single Hung window only the bottom sash is operable (can move). The top sash is in-operable as the top sash is fixed.
- Casement windows are those where the entire sash moves outward by turning a crank, they are typically used over kitchen sinks.
- Awning windows are very similar to Casement Windows in that they open with a crank but swing outward from the bottom as though a Casement window were laying on its side
- Window Screens are common place all over the Eastern United States. They are on the outside for both Double Hung and Single Hung windows and with Casements and Awning windows the screen is on the inside allowing the window to swing outward.
- Window Grills try to replicate antique windows by dividing the glass into small panes or lites. Various architectural styles incorporate different Grill Patters. Georgian and Federal Colonial homes have a 6 over 6 pattern, or six lites in the top sash and six more lites in the bottom sash. Using true divided lites has almost completely been abandoned for energy conservation reasons.
After looking and thinking about different types of windows the next size is to consider the size of a window. This is where things can quickly get confusing. Most window manufacturers use a fairly standard formula for denoting the size of their windows. Usually a window has an identifying number that lets you know its size. Many times a 3052 window used across the front of a home. So, what does that number mean? The first set of numbers indicate the window's width and the second set of numbers tells its height. So, a 3052 window is 3'0" wide and 5'2" tall. A window such as a 20210 is also easy to figure out. A 20210 window is 2'0" wide and 2'10" tall. There are several hundred sizes of windows but most will follow this formula. Occasionally a manufacture will come along with their own sizing formula that is different than everyone else. I have no clue why they do that except to confuse me.
Usually we hear about Egress Windows and they serve a dual purpose. According to building codes all sleeping areas within a home must have at least one Egress Window. That window is large enough so that occupants inside can escape. This is a major concern for fire. The second purpose of an Egress Window is so that a fireman can enter a burning building to help potential victims. Here in Vermont building codes strictly dictate the size of Egress Windows.
Vermont Modular builds only Quality Built Homes but did you know that we also build homes that are 100% code compliant? Many local Vermont carpenters/builders are not aware of all of the nuisances of the building codes such as those that determine the size of windows throughout the home Each room in the house is required to have an approved amount of light and ventilation. Only Quality Build homes that are thoroughly engineered and inspected comply with all these regulations. We are proud of our Quality and as Blaine mentioned in one of his blogs we emphasize Value. Quality windows, doors, and trim; all incorporated within a home of Great Value.